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The Rosary: A Powerful Weapon


  • Origin

  • Indulgences

  • How to Pray the Rosary

  • The Secret of the Rosary

  • Resources

The Rosary, a cherished devotion among Catholics, has served as a wellspring of solace, guidance, and spiritual growth for countless souls across centuries. Its profound beauty lies not merely in the repetition of prayers but in the meditation on the life of Christ and the Virgin Mary. Saint Alphonsus Liguori aptly captured its essence when he said, "The Rosary is the most powerful weapon to touch the Heart of Jesus, Our Redeemer, who loves His Mother."

A Divine Origin in the Middle Ages

The origins of the Rosary can be traced back to the Middle Ages when Our Lady appeared to St. Dominic. The Blessed Virgin introduced this devotion and promised that the recitation of the Rosary would lead to the conversion of many souls. With the Rosary, the plague of Albigensianism, the greatest heresy of that age, was wiped from the earth.

Since then, the Rosary has been a protection against the forces of evil. In the battle of Lepanto in 1571, it was through the recitation of the rosary that the Christian armies gained victory over the Muslim hordes threatening to overrun Europe. In 1683, the Holy League invoked our Lady's aid in the Rosary and obtained a signal victory over the Turkish army in a matter of hours. In 1858, our Lady appeared to Bernadette at Lourdes asking the saint to "pray for sinners" by reciting the rosary. And in 1917, the Blessed Virgin appeared to the children of Fatima to again encourage the recitation of the Rosary in order to avert great evils. “Say the Rosary every day, to bring peace to the world and an end to the war.”

The Spiritual Rewards: Indulgences of the Rosary

By reciting the Rosary with devotion, Catholics can earn partial and plenary indulgences. This means that, through this powerful prayer, a portion or all of the temporal punishment due to sin is remitted. Saint Alphonsus Liguori wisely asserted, "The Rosary is the most beautiful and the most rich in graces of all prayers."

The indulgences attached are the following:

  • Five Years and 200 days for the recitation of a third part (five decades).

  • Ten Years and 400 days, once a day, to all who say five decades in company with others, either in public or in private.

  • Plenary, on the last Sunday of every month, to all who are in the habit of saying with others, at least three times a week, five decades.

Special Indulgences during the month of October:

  • Seven Years and 280 days, daily, if five decades are said either in public or in private.

  • Plenary, on Rosary Sunday, or during the Octave, if five decades are said on all those days.

  • Plenary, once during the month, if, after the Octave, five decades are said on any ten days.

A plenary indulgence is the complete remission of all temporal punishment due to sin. To receive a plenary indulgence through the Rosary, the following conditions must be met:

  • Be in a state of grace, having confessed and received the Eucharist within eight days.

  • Pray the Rosary devoutly, with proper meditation on the mysteries.

  • Pray for the intentions of the Pope (typically one Our Father and one Hail Mary).

  • Be detached from all sin, even venial ones.

How to Pray the Rosary

1. Begin with the Sign of the Cross.

2. Recite the Apostles' Creed.

3. Recite the Our Father prayer.

4. Recite three Hail Mary prayers.

5. Recite the Glory Be to the Father prayer.

6. Announce the First Mystery (e.g., the Joyful, Sorrowful, or Glorious Mystery).

7. Recite the Our Father prayer.

8. Recite ten Hail Mary prayers while meditating on the mystery.

9. Recite the Glory Be to the Father prayer.

10. Repeat steps 6 to 10 for the remaining four mysteries.

The Secret of the Rosary

St. Louis De Montfort relates a story in his book "The Secret of the Rosary" in which a young man had fallen into a life of sin and vice. Despite the prayers and concerns of his family, he seemed beyond hope. However, a family friend who was deeply devoted to the Rosary insisted that the Rosary could bring about his conversion.

This faithful friend began to pray the Rosary daily for the young man's conversion, fervently asking for the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Over time, her prayers were answered in a remarkable way. One day, as the young man was about to commit a serious sin, he suddenly felt a powerful presence and a strong urge to abandon his sinful intentions. He attributed this sudden change of heart to the prayers of his friend and the Blessed Virgin's intercession through the Rosary.

The young man turned away from his sinful life, repented, and embraced a life of virtue and devotion. This transformation astounded those who knew him, and it was seen as a clear example of the miraculous power of the Rosary to bring about conversions and change lives.

Whether we seek partial or plenary indulgences, or a particular grace, the Rosary stands as a beautiful means of salvation. Saint Alphonsus Liguori's wisdom resonates: "If you wish to convert anyone to the fullness of the knowledge of Our Lord and of His Mystical Body, then teach him the Rosary." Let us take up this spiritual weapon.

Resources for purchasing rosaries, cases, and an instructional pamphlet can be found here.

"The Secret of the Rosary" book can be purchased here.


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